The Sari Soldiers in Context
- The Nepal Communist Party (Maoist) begins rebellion in
rural areas aimed at abolishing monarch and establishing
- June 1, 2001:
- Beloved king and 9 family members allegedly massacred
by crown prince, who then killed himself.
On This Day: June 1, 2001, Nepal Royal Family Massacred
- June 2, 2001:
- Sole heir, the king’s younger brother Prince Gyanendra,
a businessman, inherits throne and a five-year Maoist insurgency.
World: June 2, 2001, Nepal Massacre: Prince Named King
- February 19, 2004:
- Maina Sunuwar “disappeared,” abducted by soldiers.
- February 1, 2005:
- With Maoist insurgency sweeping country, King Gyanendra
takes over government, imprisons parliament, bans dissent,
and begins state of absolute rule.
News: February 1, 2005, King Declares State of Emergency
- Nepal had the largest number of reported disappearances
in the world.
- May 2005:
- First nation-wide gathering of political parties since
king’s coup in Kathmandu.
- November 2005:
- After great national and international pressure, police
register complaint regarding Maina Sunuwar’s disappearance.
- November 17, 2005:
- There is a growing public frustration due to the king’s
failure to establish peace. The democratic parties and the
Maoists create an historic alliance and unify against the
Crisis Group: November 28, 2005, Nepal's New Alliance: The
Mainstream Parties and the Maoists
- Spring 2006:
- Fourteen months after the king’s coup, the political parties,
student activities and the Maoists call for nationwide strikes
in opposition to the king. In response, King Gyanendra deploys
military force onto the streets of Kathmandu.
- April 28, 2006:
- After 19 days of nationwide protests, King Gyanendra steps
down and allows the return of parliament and democracy.
News: April 28, 2006, Nepal's MPs Begin Historic Session
- March 2007:
- Maina Sunuwar’s remains found.
- February 2008:
- Court order issues summons for the arrest of the 4 accused
army officers in Maina Sunuwar’s case. (As of September 2008,
none have been arrested)
- April 2008:
- Maoists win most seats in elections to constituent assembly.
- May 28, 2008:
- The 239-year royal reign is officially ended. Lawmakers
legally abolished the monarchy and declared the country a
News: May 28, 2008, Nepal Votes to Abolish Monarchy
- June 11, 2008:
- King Gyanendra leaves the Royal Palace.
News: June 11, 2008, Nepal's Ousted King Quits Palace
- July 2008:
- DNA test results confirm the human remains found at Panchkal
army camp are Maina’s.
- August 15, 2008:
- Maoist leader Prachanda elected Prime Minister, the first
since the country’s transition from a monarchy to a republic.
News: August 15, 2008, Maoist Leader Becomes Nepalese PM
- September 11, 2008:
- Human Rights Watch Report: Waiting for Justice, Unpunished
Crimes from Nepal's Armed Conflict. This 118-page report
documents in detail 62 cases of killings, disappearances,
and torture between 2002 and 2006, mostly perpetrated by
security forces but including a couple of cases involving
Maoists. The families of those killed and disappeared have
filed detailed complaints with police seeking criminal investigations
but the Nepali justice system has failed miserably to respond
to these complaints.
Rights Watch News: September 11, 2008, Nepal: End Cycle of
Impunity and Deliver Justice to Victims
(Devi and Mandira are quoted in this article)